Latest Sugars-Related Research (2023)

CSI provides a monthly summary of new research on sugars and carbohydrates published each month, based on a PubMed search using pre-established search terms. The publications are grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality based on the hierarchy of medical evidence. A summary of the screening process is available for download

To subscribe to the Sugars Digest monthly email broadcast, please complete the sign-up form, or contact

April 2023

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in April 2023, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Dietary Intakes - Methodology Urinary Sucrose and Fructose From Spot Urine May Be Used as a Predictive Biomarker of Total Sugar Intake-Findings From a Controlled Feeding Study Tasevska N et al.J Nutr. 2023 Apr 6.  Controlled Feeding Trial
Dietary Intakes - Sugars Intake Factors associated with added sugar consumption of older adults from the region of Campinas-SP, Brazil  Silva Júnior JNBD et al. 2023 Apr;28(4):1219-1228.  Cross-Sectional
Canadian Free Sugar Intake and Modelling of a Reformulation Scenario Bernstein JT et al. Foods. 2023 Apr 25;12(9):1771.  Modelling Study Using Cross-Sectional Data
How Many Diet-Related Non-Communicable Disease Deaths Could Be Averted or Delayed If Canadians Reduced Their Consumption of Calories Derived from Free Sugars Intake? A Macrosimulation Modeling Study Flexner N et al. Nutrients. 2023 Apr 11;15(8):1835.  Modelling Study
Dietary Intakes - Beverage Intake Applying the temporal self-regulation theory to understand sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among Chinese college students.   Xiao HL et al. Health Psychol Behav Med. 2023 Apr 29.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Intakes - Food Intake Systematic review of the portion size norm of discretionary foods.   Liu Q et al. Nutr Rev. 2023 Apr 11;81(5):531-554.  Systematic Review
Obesity The effect of empowerment program to reduce Sugar Consumption based on the Multi-Theory Model on Body Mass Index and abdominal obesity in Iranian women Joveini H et al. BMC Womens Health. 2023 Apr 28;23(1):207. RCT
Association between consumption of nonessential energy-dense food and body mass index among Mexican school-aged children: A prospective cohort study Barrientos-Gutiérrez T et al. Res Sq. 2023 Apr Preprint.  Prospective Cohort
Changes in Body Mass Index Among School-Aged Youths Following Implementation of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 Chandran A et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2023 Apr 1;177(4):401-409.  Prospective Cohort
Temporal sweet taste dominance according to adult body mass index classification Lima RS et al. J Food Sci. 2023 May;88(5):2191-2202.  Cross-Sectional
Dimensions of sleep quality are related to objectively measured eating behaviors among children at high familial risk for obesity Zuraikat FM et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2023 May;31(5):1216-1226.  Cross-Sectional
Ketogenic diet in children and adolescents: The effects on growth and nutritional status Corsello A et al. Pharmacol Res. 2023 May;191:106780.  Narrative Review
Moderating "the great debate": The carbohydrate-insulin vs. the energy balance models of obesity Flier JS. Cell Metab. 2023 May 2;35(5):737-741.  Commentary
Diabetes After Dinner Rest a While, After Supper Walk a Mile? A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis on the Acute Postprandial Glycemic Response to Exercise Before and After Meal Ingestion in Healthy Subjects and Patients with Impaired Glucose Tolerance  Engeroff T, Groneberg DA, Wilke J. Sports Med. 2023 Apr. SRMA
Allulose for the attenuation of postprandial blood glucose levels in healthy humans: A systematic review and meta-analysis  Yuma T et al. PLoS One. 2023 Apr 6;18(4):e0281150.  SRMA
Plasma metabolomic response to high-carbohydrate meals of differing glycaemic load in overweight women Durainayagam B et al. Eur J Nutr. 2023 Apr 21.  RCT
Beverage consumption and mortality among adults with type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study Ma L et al. BMJ. 2023 Apr 19;381:e073406.  Prospective Cohort
Consumption of sweetened beverages is associated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes in Brazilian adults (CUME project) Viana Dias JP et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2023 Apr;33(4):789-796. Prospective  Prospective Cohort
You are what you drink? How associations between profiles of beverage consumption and type 2 diabetes risk are mediated by biomarker networks Rose BD et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Apr 14:S0002-9165(23)46844-X.  Cross-Sectional
Cardiovsacular Disease Dietary sugar consumption and health: umbrella review  Huang Y et al. BMJ. 2023 Apr 5;381.  Umbrella Review of SRMAs
Carbohydrate Intake and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies Jo U, Park K. Nutrients. 2023 Apr 2;15(7):1740.  SRMA
Weight loss associated with low-energy diets with different glycaemic loads does not improve arterial stiffness: a randomised clinical trial Perin L et al. Br J Nutr. 2023 Apr 27:1-12.  RCT
Effect of Sugar Replacement with Stevia-Based Tabletop Sweetener on Weight and Cardiometabolic Health among Indian Adults  Raghavan G et al. Nutrients. 2023 Apr 3;15(7):1744.  Uncontrolled Intervention 
Consumption frequencies of beverages and the hypertension risk in adults: a cohort study in China  Wang C et al. BMJ Open. 2023 Apr 11;13(4):e072474.  Prospective Cohort
Sugar- or artificially-sweetened beverage consumption, physical activity, and risk of cardiovascular disease in US adults Pacheco LS et al. medRxiv. 2023 Apr 24:2023.04.17.23288711.  Prospective Cohort
Associations of free sugars from solid and liquid sources with cardiovascular disease: a retrospective cohort analysis Dasgupta K et al.BMC Public Health. 2023 Apr 24;23(1):756.  Retrospective Cohort
Beverage Consumption Patterns and Nutrient Intake Are Associated with Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Urban Mexican Young Adults  Salinas-Mandujano RG et al. Nutrients. 2023 Apr 9;15(8):1817.  Cross-Sectional
Measures of carbohydrate quality and their association with diet quality and cardiometabolic health outcomes in Singapore middle-aged and older adults  Tan D et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2023 Apr;33(4):778-788.  Cross-Sectional
Association of beverage consumption with subclinical atherosclerosis in a Spanish working population  Muñoz-Cabrejas A et al. Sci Rep. 2023 Apr 20;13(1):6509.  Cross-Sectional
A Heart-Healthy Diet for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: Where Are We Now?  Diab A et al. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2023 Apr 21;19:237-253.  Narrative Review
Artificial sweeteners and cardiovascular risk Gomez-Delgado F et al. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2023 Apr 13 Narrative Review
Comment on: Dietary carbohydrate quantity and quality and risk of cardiovascular disease, all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality: A systematic review and meta-analysis Zhang B, Liu L, Lu C. Clin Nutr. 2023 Apr 17:S0261-5614(23)00130-9.  Commentary
Response to Comment on Lee et al. Relation of Change or Substitution of Low- and No-Calorie Sweetened Beverages With Cardiometabolic Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Diabetes Care 2022;45:1917-1930 Lee JJ, Khan T, Sievenpiper JL. Diabetes Care. 2023 Apr 1;46(4):e99-e100.  Commentary
Comment on Lee et al. Relation of Change or Substitution of Low- and No-Calorie Sweetened Beverages With Cardiometabolic Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Diabetes Care 2022;45:1917-1930 Buziau AM et al. Diabetes Care. 2023 Apr 1;46(4):e97-e98.  Commentary
Cancer Carbohydrate quality indices and colorectal cancer risk: a case-control study Kahrizsangi MA et al. BMC Cancer. 2023 Apr 17;23(1):347.  Cross-Sectional
Continuing the Conversation on Artificial Sweeteners and the Risk of Cancer: Results from the NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study Rangel-Méndez JA et al.Nutr Cancer. 2023 Apr 17:1-2.  Commentary
Dental Health Damage from Carbonated Soft Drinks on Enamel: A Systematic Review Inchingolo AM et al. Nutrients. 2023 Apr 6;15(7):1785.  Systematic Review
Ultra-processed food consumption and dental caries in adolescents from the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort study da Silva NRJ et al. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2023 Apr 9.  Prospective Cohort
Socio-economic status, psychosocial factors, health behaviours and incidence of dental caries in 12-year-old children living in deprived communities in Manaus, Brazil Costa LR et al. J Dent. 2023 Jun;133:104504.  Prospective Cohort
Liver Health Sugar-sweetened beverages, low/no-calorie beverages, fruit juice and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease defined by fatty liver index: the SWEET project Naomi ND et al. Nutr Diabetes. 2023 Apr 21;13(1):6.  Cross-Sectional
PCOS Effects of nutrition on metabolic and endocrine outcomes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: an umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials Moslehi N et al. Nutr Rev. 2023 Apr 11;81(5):555-577.  SRMA
Sleep  The interrelationship between sleep, diet, and glucose metabolism St-Onge MP et al. Sleep Med Rev. 2023 Apr 28;69:101788.  Narrative Review
Diet Quality Nutritional quality of snacks and beverages sold through vending machines in a large Hispanic-serving urban college campus in the United States: A cross-sectional study Samuel L et al. J Public Health Res. 2023 May 4;12(2):22799036231170842.  Cross-Sectional
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Habitual daily intake of a sweet and fatty snack modulates reward processing in humans.   Edwin Thanarajah S et al. Cell Metab. 2023 Apr 4;35(4):571-584.e6.  RCT
Prevalence and correlates of addictive eating behaviours in a large cohort of Australian adolescents Smout S et al. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2023 Apr 10:48674231165201. Cross-Sectional
Association between food addiction with ultra-processed food consumption and eating patterns in a Brazilian sample Silva Júnior AED et al. Appetite. 2023 Apr 20;186:106572.  Cross-Sectional
Highly processed foods can be considered addictive substances based on established scientific criteria Gearhardt AN, DiFeliceantonio AG. Addiction. 2023 Apr;118(4):589-598.  Commentary
Mental Health and Cognition Efficacy of low carbohydrate and ketogenic diets in treating mood and anxiety disorders: systematic review and implications for clinical practice Dietch DM et al. BJPsych Open. 2023 Apr 17;9(3):e70.  Systematic Review
Evaluating the Association Between Artificial Sweetener Intake and Indicators of Stress and Anxiety Miller B et al. Community Health Equity Res Policy. 2023 Apr;43(3):339-342.  Cross-Sectional
The Role of a Ketogenic Diet in the Treatment of Dementia in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Bai L et al. Nutrients. 2023 Apr 19;15(8):1971.  Narrative Review
Reformulation Canadian Free Sugar Intake and Modelling of a Reformulation Scenario Bernstein JT et al. Foods. 2023 Apr 25;12(9):1771.  Modelling Study
Dietary Guidelines Popular Dietary Patterns: Alignment With American Heart Association 2021 Dietary Guidance: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Gardner CD et al. Circulation. 2023 Apr 27.  Systematic Review
Food Labelling Effects of front-of-package nutrition labelling systems on understanding and purchase intention in Jamaica: results from a multiarm randomised controlled trial White-Barrow V, Gomes FS, Eyre S, Ares G, Morris A, Caines D, Finlay D. BMJ Open. 2023 Apr 6;13(4):e065620.  RCT
Online RCT of Icon Added-Sugar Warning Labels for Restaurant Menus Jennifer Falbe et al. J. Prev. Med, 2023  RCT
The big squeeze: a product content and labelling analysis of ready-to-use complementary infant food pouches in Australia Brunacci KA et al. BMC Public Health. 2023 Apr 6;23(1):656.  Cross-Sectional
Toward a New Definition of “Healthy” Food: Issues and Challenges Siu K, Drewnowski A. Current Developments in Nutrition. 2023 April.  Modelling Study

March 2023

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in March 2023, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Dietary Intakes - Sugars Intake Estimation of Free Sugars in the Filipino Food Composition Table and Evaluation of Population-Level Intake. Mainardi F et al. Nutrients. 2023 Mar 9;15(6):1343.  Cross-Sectional
Meeting the Healthy People 2030 Added Sugars Target. Stowe EW et al. Am J Prev Med. 2023 Mar 10:S0749-3797(23)00062-4.  Cross-Sectional
Intake of added sugar, fruits, vegetables, and legumes of Portuguese preschool children: Baseline data from SmartFeeding4Kids randomized controlled trial participants. Charneca S et al. Front Nutr. 2023 Mar 29;10:1150627. Clinical Trial Baseline
Free sugar intake from snacks and beverages in Canadian preschool- and toddler-aged children: a cross-sectional study.   Yu J et al; Guelph Family Health Study. BMC Nutr. 2023 Mar 8;9(1):44.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Intakes - Beverage Intake Consumption patterns of energy drinks in university students: A systematic review and meta-analysis.   Protano C et al. Nutrition. 2023 Mar;107:111904.  SRMA
The impact of delayed school start time on adolescent beverage consumption, findings from the START study.            Weiss AJ et al. Appetite. 2023 Jun 1;185:106521.   Prospective Cohort
Determinants of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption Among Adults in Perambalur District of India.     Subramanian E et al. Cureus. 2023 Mar 1;15(3):e35650.   Cross-Sectional 
   Soft Drink Intake in Europe-A Review of Data from Nationally Representative Food Consumption Surveys.   Walton J, Wittekind A. Nutrients. 2023 Mar 11;15(6):1368.  Narrative Review
Obesity The effects of a low carbohydrate diet combined with partial meal replacement on obese individuals.   Zhong Y et al. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2023 Mar 30;20(1):18.  RCT
Evidence for the carbohydrate-insulin model in a reanalysis of the Diet Intervention Examining The Factors Interacting with Treatment Success (DIETFITS) trial.   Soto-Mota A et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Mar;117(3):599-606.  RCT
Effects of different weight loss dietary interventions on body mass index and glucose and lipid metabolism in obese patients.   Ma Y, Sun L, Mu Z. Medicine (Baltimore). 2023 Mar 31.  RCT
The Effect of a Moderately Restricted Carbohydrate Diet on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Overweight and Obese Women With Metabolic Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial.   Mousavi SM et al. Clin Ther. 2023 Mar 3:S0149-2918(23)00063-2.  RCT
Comparison of Weight Reduction, Change in Parameters and Safety of a Very Low Carbohydrate Diet in Comparison to a Low Carbohydrate Diet in Obese Japanese Subjects with Metabolic Disorders.   Kikuchi T et al. Nutrients. 2023 Mar 9;15(6):1342.  RCT
Eating Patterns of Young Women (18-25 y) with Overweight and Obesity: A Preliminary Investigation.   Young IE et al. Nutrients. 2023 Mar 28;15(7):1652.  Cross-Sectional
Combined intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and sugar-containing ultra-processed foods is associated with an increase in body mass index during early childhood.   Pereyra-González I, Mattei J. Pediatr Obes. 2023 Mar 21:e13025.  Cross-Sectional
Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Consumption in a Multi-Ethnic Population of Young Men and Association with Sociodemographic Characteristics and Obesity.   AlTamimi JZ et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 Mar 9;20(6):4861.  Cross-Sectional
Association between Family and School Pressures, Consumption of Ultra-Processed Beverages, and Obesity in Preadolescents: A School-Based Epidemiological Study.   Gketsios I et al. Children (Basel). 2023 Mar 2;10(3):500.  Cross-Sectional
Popular fad diets: An evidence-based perspective.   Anderson K. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2023 Mar 3:S0033-0620(23)00007-5.  Narrative Review
Diabetes Consumption of sugar sweetened beverages, artificially sweetened beverages and fruit juices and risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and mortality: A meta-analysis.   Li B et al. Front Nutr. 2023 Mar 15;10:1019534.  SRMA
Maternal dietary components in the development of gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review of observational studies to timely promotion of health.   Lambert V et al. Nutr J. 2023 Mar 7;22(1):15.  Systematic Review
The Impact of a Low-Carbohydrate Diet on Micronutrient Intake and Status in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes.  Levran N et al. Nutrients. 2023 Mar 15;15(6):1418.  RCT
A Healthful Plant-Based Eating Pattern Is Longitudinally Associated with Higher Insulin Sensitivity in Australian Adults.   Goode JP et al. J Nutr. 2023 Mar 15:S0022-3166(23)35484-1.  Prospective Cohort
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and T2D diabetes in the Eastern Caribbean.   Oladele CR et al. Public Health Nutr. 2023 Mar 1:1-11. Cross-Sectional
Low carbohydrate intake correlates with trends of insulin resistance and metabolic acidosis in healthy lean individuals.   Al-Reshed F et al. Front Public Health. 2023 Mar 16;11:1115333.  Cross-Sectional
Food insecurity and adequacy of dietary intake in youth and young adults with youth-onset type 1 and type 2 diabetes.   Bercaw H et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2023 Mar 27:S2212-2672(23)00162-4.  Cross-Sectional
A New Approach to Personalized Nutrition: Postprandial Glycemic Response and its Relationship to Gut Microbiota.   Guizar-Heredia R et al. Arch Med Res. 2023 Apr;54(3):176-188.  Narrative Review
Cardiovsacular Disease Orange juice intake and lipid profile: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.   Amini MR et al. J Nutr Sci. 2023 Mar 17;12:e37.  SRMA
The Relationship Between Major Food Sources of Fructose and Cardiovascular Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies.   Sun T et al. Adv Nutr. 2023 Mar;14(2):256-269. SRMA
Effects of very low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets on lipid profiles in normal-weight (body mass index < 25 kg/m2) adults: a meta-analysis.   Joo M et al. Nutr Rev. 2023 Mar 17:nuad017.  SRMA
The association of energy and macronutrient intake at breakfast and cardiovascular disease in Chinese adults: From a 14-year follow-up cohort study.   Du X et al. Front Nutr. 2023 Mar 20;10:1093561.  Prospective Cohort
Fructose consumption from different food sources and cardiometabolic biomarkers: cross-sectional associations in US men and women.   Li X et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Mar;117(3):490-498. Cross-Sectional
Global burden of ischemic heart disease attributable to high sugar-sweetened beverages intake from 1990 to 2019.   Wang L, Ma N, Wei L. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2023 Mar 21.  Modelling Study
The Influence of Dietary Interventions on Arterial Stiffness in Overweight and Obese Subjects.   Stanek A et al. Nutrients. 2023 Mar 16;15(6):1440.  Narrative Review
Dental Health Does a high-sugar diet alter the bacterial diversity of the oral cavity?   Dhingra K, Jeng JH. Evid Based Dent. 2023 Mar;24(1):9-11.  Systematic Review
Association between different dietary patterns and eating disorders and periodontal diseases.   Casarin M et al. Front Oral Health. 2023 Mar 22;4:1152031.  Narrative Review
Liver Health Different Dietary Approaches, Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Cardiovascular Disease: A Literature Review.   Torres-Peña JD et al. Nutrients. 2023 Mar 20;15(6):1483.  Narrative Review
Diet Quality Exploratory analysis of a cluster randomized controlled trial of a multi-strategy intervention delivered via online canteens on improving the nutritional quality of primary school students' pre-ordered foods & drinks at recess.   Delaney T et al. Appetite. 2023 Jun 1;185:106528.  RCT
Quality of low-carbohydrate diets among Australian post-partum women: Cross-sectional analysis of a national population-based cohort study.   Lewandowski S et al. Matern Child Nutr. 2023 Mar 20:e13502.  Prospective Cohort
Relationships among Acculturation Using 2 Different Language Variables, Diet Quality, and Accuracy of Diet Quality Assessment in Non-Hispanic Asians Residing in the United States.   Thomson JL et al. J Nutr. 2023 Mar 27:S0022-3166(23)35503-2.  Cross-Sectional
Estimated micronutrient shortfalls of the EAT-Lancet planetary health diet.   Beal T, Ortenzi F, Fanzo J. Lancet Planet Health. 2023 Mar;7(3):e233-e237.  Narrative Review
Application of a New Carbohydrate Food Quality Scoring System: An Expert Panel Report.   Comerford KB et al. Nutrients. 2023 Mar 5;15(5):1288.  Narrative Review
Physical Activity  Effects of protein-carbohydrate vs. carbohydrate alone supplementation on immune inflammation markers in endurance athletes: a randomized controlled trial.   Moreno-Pérez D et al. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2023 Mar 14.  RCT
Carbohydrate intake before and during high intensity exercise with reduced muscle glycogen availability affects the speed of muscle reoxygenation and performance.   Ramonas A et al. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2023 Mar 10.  RCT
Restricting sugar or carbohydrate intake does not impact physical activity level or energy intake over 24 h despite changes in substrate use: a randomised crossover study in healthy men and women.   Hengist A et al. Eur J Nutr. 2023 Mar;62(2):921-940.  RCT
Carbohydrates and Endurance Exercise: A Narrative Review of a Food First Approach.   Naderi A et al. Nutrients. 2023 Mar 11;15(6):1367.  Narrative Review
Low carbohydrate high fat ketogenic diets on the exercise crossover point and glucose homeostasis.   Noakes TD et al. Front Physiol. 2023 Mar 28;14:1150265.  Narrative Review
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Habitual daily intake of a sweet and fatty snack modulates reward processing in humans.   Edwin Thanarajah S et al. Cell Metab. 2023 Apr 4;35(4):571-584.e6.  RCT
Associations of parent feeding behaviors and early life food exposures with early childhood appetitive traits in an observational cohort study. Lipsky LM et al. Physiol Behav. 2023 Jun 1;265:114175.  Prospective Cohort
Do 20-minute neighbourhoods moderate associations between work and commute hours with food consumption?  Oostenbach LH et al. Public Health Nutr. 2023 Mar 29:1-10.  Cross-Sectional
Commentary: Sweet taste is complex: Signaling cascades and circuits involved in sweet sensation.   Ennis DM. Front Hum Neurosci. 2023 Mar 29;17:1167749.  Commentary
Mental Health Effect of low-carbohydrate diet on depression and anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials.   Varaee H et al. J Affect Disord. 2023 Mar 15;325:206-214.  SRMA
Perceived Stress Is Directly Associated with Major Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages among Public University Students.   Campos-Ramírez C et al. Behav Sci (Basel). 2023 Mar 7;13(3):232.  Cross-Sectional
Processed Food-Sweets Patterns and Related Behaviors with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder among Children: A Case-Control Study.   Yan W et al. Nutrients. 2023 Mar 2;15(5):1254.  Case-Control
Ketogenic Diet as a Promising Non-Drug Intervention for Alzheimer's Disease: Mechanisms and Clinical Implications.   Xu Y et al. J Alzheimers Dis. 2023 Mar 4.  Narrative Review
Outrunning a bad diet: Interactions between exercise and a Western-style diet for adolescent mental health, metabolism and microbes.   Nota MHC et al. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2023 Mar 27;149:105147.  Narrative Review
Food Labelling Effects of pictorial warnings on parents' purchases and perceptions of sugar-sweetened beverage categories.   D'Angelo Campos A et al. Pediatr Obes. 2023 Mar 25:e13030. RCT
Information, ingestion, and impulsivity: The impact of technology-enabled healthy food labels on online grocery shopping in impulsive and non-impulsive consumers.   Ljusic N et al. Front Nutr. 2023 Mar 28;10:1129883.  RCT
Estimating the dietary and health impact of implementing front-of-pack nutrition labeling in Canada: A macrosimulation modeling study.   Flexner N et al. Front Nutr. 2023 Mar 17;10:1098231.  Modelling Study

February 2023

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in February 2023, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Dietary Intakes - Methodology Enabling Informed Decision Making in the Absence of Detailed Nutrition Labels: A Model to Estimate the Added Sugar Content of Foods.  Daniel-Weiner R et al. Nutrients. 2023 Feb 4;15(4):803.  Composition Analysis
Dietary Intakes - Beverage Intake Potential impact of the adult-targeted LiveLighter "Sugary Drinks" campaign on adolescent consumption: Findings from a national cross-sectional school survey.  Gascoyne C et al. Health Promot J Austr. 2023 Feb 2.  Cross-Sectional
Fruit, Vegetable, and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Young Children, by State - United States, 2021.  Hamner HC et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2023 Feb 17.  Cross-Sectional
Post-exercise skimmed milk, but not a sucrose beverage decreases energy intake at the next meal compared to a placebo beverage in active males.  Corney RA et al. Appetite. 2023 Feb 1;181:106400.  Cross-Sectional
Development of a Digital Behavioral Intervention to Reduce the Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Among Rural Appalachian Adults: Multiphased, Human-Centered Design Approach.  Zoellner J et al. JMIR Hum Factors. 2023 Feb 1;10:e41262.  Cross-Sectional
Healthy Snacks and Drinks for Toddlers: A Qualitative Study of Caregivers' Understanding of Expert Recommendations and Perceived Barriers to Adherence.  Harris JL et al. Nutrients. 2023 Feb 17;15(4):1006.  Cross-Sectional
Obesity Important food sources of fructose-containing sugars and adiposity: A systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trials.  Chiavaroli L et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Feb 23.  SRMA
Relation of fruit juice with adiposity and diabetes depends on how fruit juice is defined: a re-analysis of the EFSA draft scientific opinion on the tolerable upper intake level for dietary sugars.  Chen V et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2023 Feb 3.  SRMA
Association between Food, Beverages and Overweight/Obesity in Children and Adolescents-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies.  Jakobsen DD, Brader L, Bruun JM. Nutrients. 2023 Feb 2. SRMA
Relationship between Ketones, Ghrelin, and, Appetite on Isocaloric Diets with Varying Carbohydrate Quality and Amount: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial in People with Obesity (CARBFUNC).  Sommersten CH et al. J Nutr. 2023 Feb;153(2):459-469.  RCT
The Infant Diet Quality Index Predicts Dietary and Adiposity Outcomes in US Children 2 to 4 years old.  Au LE et al. J Nutr. 2023 Mar;153(3):741-748.  Prospective Cohort
Associations between sugar-sweetened beverages before and during pregnancy and offspring overweight/obesity in Japanese women: The TMM BirThree Cohort Study.  Aizawa M et al. Public Health Nutr. 2023 Feb 9:1-22.  Prospective Cohort
Water and beverage consumption habits of adults in Turkey by gender and BMI: a cross-sectional survey.  Pehlivan M et al. Int J Environ Health Res. 2023 Feb 5:1-16.  Cross-Sectional
Distribution of energy and macronutrient intakes across eating occasions in European children from 3 to 8 years of age: The EU Childhood Obesity Project Study.  Jaeger V et al. Eur J Nutr. 2023 Feb;62(1):165-174.  Cross-Sectional
Consumption of Sugary Drinks among Urban Adults in Colombia: Association with Sociodemographic Factors and Body Adiposity.  Santana-Jiménez MA et al Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 Feb 9.  Cross-Sectional
Operationalising multi-sectoral food- and nutrition-related policies to curb the rise in obesity in Ghana.  Sackar SA et al. Public Health Nutr. 2023 Feb 27:1-9. Case Study
The Impact of Free Sugar on Human Health-A Narrative Review.  Gillespie KM et al. Nutrients. 2023 Feb 10;15(4):889.  Narrative Review
Fructose sources have an unequal impact on adiposity-are we surprised?  Weaver CM. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Feb 23.  Editorial
Diabetes Eating Vegetables First Regardless of Eating Speed Has a Significant Reducing Effect on Postprandial Blood Glucose and Insulin in Young Healthy Women: Randomized Controlled Cross-Over Study.  Imai S et al. Nutrients. 2023 Feb 26;15(5):1174.  RCT
Consumption of sweetened beverages is associated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes in Brazilian adults (CUME project).  Viana Dias JP et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2023 Feb 1.  Prospective Cohort
Investigating gene-diet interactions impacting the association between macronutrient intake and glycemic traits.  Westerman KE et al. Diabetes. 2023 Feb 15:db220851.  Prospective Cohort
Clinical Evidence of Low-Carbohydrate Diets against Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus.  Pavlidou E et al. Metabolites. 2023 Feb 6;13(2):240.  Narrative Review
Embracing complexity: making sense of diet, nutrition, obesity and type 2 diabetes.  Forouhi NG. Diabetologia. 2023 Feb 14:1-14.  Narrative Review
Summary for Patients: Effect of Calorie-Unrestricted Low-Carbohydrate, High-Fat Diet Versus High-Carbohydrate, Low-Fat Diet on Type 2 Diabetes and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.  Ann Intern Med. 2023 Jan;176(1):I18. Editorial
Cardiovsacular Disease Associations between types and sources of dietary carbohydrates and cardiovascular disease risk: a prospective cohort study of UK Biobank participants.  Kelly RK et al. BMC Med. 2023 Feb 14;21(1):34.  Prospective Cohort
Relationship between Coffee, Tea, and Carbonated Beverages and Cardiovascular Risk Factors.  An HJ, Kim Y, Seo YG. Nutrients. 2023 Feb 13;15(4):934.  Cross-Sectional
Carbohydrate Intakes below Recommendations with a High Intake of Fat Are associated with Higher Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome.  Dustin D et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2023 Feb 24:S2212-2672(23)00098-9.  Cross-Sectional
Fructose-Induced Alteration of the Heart and Vessels Homeostasis.  Sukiasyan L. Curr Probl Cardiol. 2023 Feb;48(2):101013.  Narrative Review
Pathogenesis of Hypertension in Metabolic Syndrome: The Role of Fructose and Salt.  Soleimani M, Barone S, Luo H, Zahedi K. Int J Mol Sci. 2023 Feb 21;24(5):4294.  Narrative Review
Cancer Sugar intake and colorectal cancer risk: A prospective Japanese cohort study.  Kanehara R et al. Cancer Sci. 2023 Feb 27.  Prospective Cohort
The Ketogenic Diet in Colorectal Cancer: A Means to an End.  Tamraz M, Al Ghossaini N, Temraz S. Int J Mol Sci. 2023 Feb 12;24(4):3683.  Narrative Review
Impact of dietary carbohydrate restriction on the pathobiology of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: The gut-liver axis and beyond.  Cramer T. Semin Immunol. 2023 Mar;66:101736.  Narrative Review
Dental Health Dental caries status and its associated factors among schoolchildren aged 6-8 years in Hangzhou, China: a cross-sectional study.  Chen Z et al. BMC Oral Health. 2023 Feb 14;23(1):94.  Cross-Sectional
Erosive Potential and Sugar Content of Popular Beverages: A Double Whammy for Dentition.  Nik Mohd Rosdy NMM et al. Int J Dent. 2023 Feb 15;2023:9924186.  Cross-Sectional
Correlation between consumption of sugared beverages and caries incidence in the pediatric patient.  Zuccon A et al. Minerva Dent Oral Sci. 2023 Feb 28.  Cross-Sectional
Factors affecting maternal decision making about grandparents' cariogenic dietary choices for children: A qualitative study.  Burgette JM et al. J Am Dent Assoc. 2023 Feb;154(2):122-129.  Cross-Sectional
Liver Health Replacing Foods with a High-Glycemic Index and High in Saturated Fat by Alternatives with a Low Glycemic Index and Low Saturated Fat Reduces Hepatic Fat, Even in Isocaloric and Macronutrient Matched Conditions.  Basset-Sagarminaga J et al. Nutrients. 2023 Feb 1;15(3):735.  RCT
Fasting serum fructose is associated with metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease: A prospective study.  Fan Y et al. Hepatol Res. 2023 Feb 6.  Prospective Cohort
Triglyceride level and soft drink consumption predict nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in nonobese male adolescents.  Kado A et al. Hepatol Res. 2023 Feb 13.  Cross-Sectional
Other Health Topics Habitual intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages associated with gut microbiota-related metabolites and metabolic health outcomes in young Chinese adults.  Yan T et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2023 Feb;33(2):359-368.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary trends and the decline in male reproductive health.  Whittaker J. Hormones (Athens). 2023 Feb 2.  Narrative Review
Diet Quality Christian Orthodox Fasting as a Traditional Diet with Low Content of Refined Carbohydrates That Promotes Human Health: A Review of the Current Clinical Evidence.  Giaginis C et al. Nutrients. 2023 Feb.  Narrative Review
Physical Activity  A Matter of Taste: Roles of Taste Preference on Performance and Psychological Responses during Anaerobic Exercise.  Henry DB et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 Feb 20.  RCT
Energy expenditure, dietary intake and energy availability in female professional football players.  Dasa MS et al. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2023 Feb 23;9(1):e001553.  Prospective Cohort
Mental Health Effects of a mobile health nutrition intervention on dietary intake in children who have autism spectrum disorder.  Kral TVE et al. Front Pediatr. 2023 Feb 15;11:1100436.  RCT
Experiencing sweet taste is associated with an increase in prosocial behavior.  Schaefer M et al. Sci Rep. 2023 Feb 2;13(1):1954.  RCT
Nutrient intake and adequacy in children with autism spectrum disorder: EPINED epidemiological study.  Arija V et al. Autism. 2023 Feb;27(2):371-388.  Prospective Cohort
Emotional Eating and Changes in High-Sugar Food and Drink Consumption Linked to Psychological Distress and Worries: A Cohort Study from Norway.  Javadi Arjmand E et al. Nutrients. 2023 Feb 2;15(3):778.  Prospective Cohort
Food Labelling 'Feta is obviously very dangerous stuff looking at all those reds': Can nutrition labelling help people living with type 2 diabetes to self-manage their condition?  McClinchy J, Dickinson A, Wills W. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2023 Feb 3.  Cross-Sectional
The traffic light labeling could induce consumers to increase intake of artificial sweeteners and potentially enhance their cardiovascular risk: the case of Ecuador.  Fornasini M, Robles-Rodríguez J, Baldeon ME. Public Health. 2023 Feb 14.  Narrative Review