Latest Sugars-Related Research (2023)

CSI provides a monthly summary of new research on sugars and carbohydrates published each month, based on a PubMed search using pre-established search terms. The publications are grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality based on the hierarchy of medical evidence. A summary of the screening process is available for download

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September 2023

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in September 2023, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Dietary Intakes - Added Sugars Intake Intakes of Added Sugars, with a Focus on Beverages and the Associations with Nutrient Adequacy in US Adults (NHANES 2003-2018).  Ricciuto L et al. Nutrients. 2023 Sep 9;15(18):3916.  Cross-Sectional
Added sugar intake among the saudi population.  Alhusseini N et al. PLoS One. 2023 Sep 8.  Cross-Sectional
Assessing sugar intake rapidly - a short form of the Marburg Sugar Index (MSI).  Margraf-Stiksrud J et al. BMC Oral Health. 2023 Sep 29.  Cross-Sectional
Early exposure to added sugars via infant formula may explain high intakes of added sugars during complementary feeding beyond maternal modeling.  Griebel-Thompson AK et al.Front Nutr. 2023 Sep 7.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Intakes - Beverage Intake Sugar-sweetened beverage intake and convenience store shopping as mediators of the food insecurity-Tooth decay relationship among low-income children in Washington state.  Hill CM et al.PLoS One. 2023 Sep 12.  Cross-Sectional
Household Food Security and Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages among New York City (NYC) Children: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of 2017 NYC Kids' Data.  Flórez KR et al.Nutrients. 2023 Sep 12.  Cross-Sectional
Obesity Changes in Coffee Intake, Added Sugar and Long-Term Weight Gain - Results from Three Large Prospective US Cohort Studies.  Henn M et al.Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Sep 30.  Prospective Cohort
Association between changes in carbohydrate intake and long term weight changes: prospective cohort study.  Wan Y et al. BMJ. 2023 Sep 27.  Prospective Cohort
Ultra-Processed Food Consumption and Risk of Overweight or Obesity in Chinese Adults: Chinese Food Consumption Survey 2017-2020.  Pan F et al. Nutrients. 2023 Sep 16.  Cross Sectional
Associations of artificially sweetened beverages, sugar-sweetened beverages, and pure fruit/vegetable juice with visceral adipose tissue mass.  Yu B et al. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2023 Sep 29.  Cross-Sectional
The health and economic impact and cost effectiveness of interventions for the prevention and control of overweight and obesity in Kenya: a stakeholder engaged modelling study.  Wanjau MN et al. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2023 Sep 21.  Modelling Study
Diet composition and energy intake in humans.  James Stubbs R et al. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2023 Oct. Narrative Review
Diabetes Effect of sweetened beverages intake on salivary aspartame, insulin and alpha-amylase levels: A single-blind study.  Finassi CM et al. Food Res Int. 2023 Nov.  RCT
The mediating role of obesity on the prospective association between urinary sucrose and diabetes incidence in a sub-cohort of the EPIC-Norfolk.  Lang A et al. Nutr Diabetes. 2023 Sep 2.  Prospective Cohort
Glucose levels are not the same for everyone: a real-world big data study evaluating fasting serum glucose levels by sex and age among children.  Avnon Ziv C et al. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2023 Aug 15.  Prospective Cohort
Global disease burden attributed to high sugar-sweetened beverages in 204 countries and territories from 1990 to 2019.  Sun H et al. Prev Med. 2023 Sep 1.  Modelling Study
Cardiovsacular Disease Associations of dietary sugar types with coronary heart disease risk: a prospective cohort study.  Dennis KK et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Sep 1.  Prospective Cohort
Association Between Child Sugary Drink Consumption and Serum Lipid Levels in Electronic Health Records.  Iyer A et al. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2023 Sep 21.  Cross-Sectional
Acute effect of various dosages of sugar ingestion on vascular function in offspring of hypertensive and normotensive parents.  Kositanurit W et al. J Hypertens. 2023 Sep 1. Case Control
Cancer On the Menu: Analyzing the Macronutrients, Micronutrients, Beverages, Dietary Patterns, and Pancreatic Cancer Risk.  Mukhtar S, et al. Cureus. 2023 Sep 14.  Narrative Review
Dental Health Free sugars and gingival inflammation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.  Woelber JP et al. J Clin Periodontol. 2023 Sep.  SRMA
The challenge of dietary management in soft drink consumption and its oral and systemic repercussions.  Mengoa MGR et al. Nutr Health. 2023 Sep.  Narrative Review
Redefining the non-communicable disease framework to a 6 × 6 approach: incorporating oral diseases and sugars.  Benzian H, Daar A, Naidoo S. Lancet Public Health. 2023 Sep 20.  Narrative Review
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Artificially Sweetened Beverages Consumption and the Risk of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFLD) and Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH).  Tseng TS et al. Nutrients. 2023 Sep 15.  Cross-Sectional
Risk factors for liver cancer and chronic liver disease-related death: are sugar substitutes better than the real thing?  Mullish BH. Gastroenterology. 2023 Sep 24.  Narrative Review
Gut Health Acute Intake of Sucrose but Not of the Intense Sweetener Sucralose Is Associated with Post-Prandial Endotoxemia in Healthy Young Adults-A Randomized Controlled Trial.  Staltner R et al. Nutrients. 2023 Sep 18.  RCT
Associations between Dietary Sugar and Fiber with Infant Gut Microbiome Colonization at 6 Mo of Age.  Mokhtari P et al. J Nutr. 2023 Sep 16.  Cross-Sectional
Other Health Topics The intestinal-hepatic axis: a comprehensive review on fructose metabolism and its association with mortality and chronic metabolic diseases.  Dong Y, Li W, Yin J.Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2023 Sep 6.  Narrative Review
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Rejection thresholds for sweetness reduction in a model drink predict dietary sugar intake Peng M et al. Food Quality and Preference. August 2023.  RCT
Mental Health and Cognition Junk food consumption and psychological distress in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  Malmir H et al. Nutr Neurosci. 2023 Sep.  SRMA
Soft Drinks and Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety in Overweight Subjects: A Longitudinal Analysis of an European Cohort.  Castro A et al. Nutrients. 2023 Sep 5. Prospective Cohort
Association of sugar intake from different sources with incident dementia in the prospective cohort of UK Biobank participants.  Schaefer SM et al. Nutr J. 2023 Sep 4. Prospective Cohort
A Diet Pattern Characterized by Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Is Associated with Lower Decision-Making Performance in the Iowa Gambling Task, Elevated Stress Exposure, and Altered Autonomic Nervous System Reactivity in Men and Women.  Laugero KD, Keim NL. Nutrients. 2023 Sep 11.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Guidelines Comment on "Relation of fruit juice with adiposity and diabetes depends on how fruit juice is defined: a re-analysis of the EFSA draft scientific opinion on the tolerable upper intake level for dietary sugars" by Chen et al. 2023.  Valtueña Martínez S et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2023 Sep 15.  Commentary
Food Labelling Effects of immediate and distant health consequences: different types of health warning messages on sweets affect the purchase probability.  Mehlhose C, Risius A. BMC Public Health. 2023 Sep 30 RCT